What does a miniature transistor do?
And what does it mean for the future of electronics?
In this article, we’ll dive into the origins of the transistor and learn more about its future.1.
The First Miniaturized Transistor (or “Miniature Transistor”)The first transistor, invented in 1905, was a metal coil.
The metal coils were designed to produce currents that could be used for radio and telephone communications.
Inventor Thomas Edison was one of the first to demonstrate that these coils could be built and used to power electrical devices, which is why he dubbed them the “twisted metal coil.”1.1 The First Circuit of a TransistorThe first miniature transistor circuit was constructed by the French physicist Jules Gellier in 1876, and it was based on an invention from the Swiss scientist Johann Friedrich Gauss.
The design for a simple two-layer transistor, called a “dish” circuit, was described in 1883 by German physicist Hermann Gauss and was called a device “of a small length and very large number of transistors” (in other words, a transistor of the size of a dime).
This circuit is believed to have been the first miniature transistors to be built, and in its design the two layers were arranged in a way that made it possible to control voltages at a single point.1